|WATER PROJECTThe Drilling of Boreholes|
Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
INFORMATION ON THE DRILLING OF BOREHOLES
It is with great pleasure that we provide you with information regarding the drilling of boreholes in South Africa, India, Bangladesh and Malawi and other areas. The information provided is constantly changing due to factors that will be highlighted in this expose. This document is drawn up with answers to most frequent questions asked concerning the provision of water to the underprivileged.
WHAT ONE SHOULD KNOW REGARDING THE INSTALLATION OF A WATER SYSTEM AND THE DRILLING OF BOREHOLE AT THE ISLAMIC CENTRES, SCHOOLS ETC IN SOUTH AFRICA.
We must firstly thank ALLAH I for giving us the ability, the time, the motivation and the sponsors to provide clean water for the creation of ALLAH I to drink and for the use at Islamic Centres for Wudhu and to use as a tool for giving Dawah to the surrounding community that comes to the centre for water. May ALLAH accept our paltry effort to please Him.
In our brochure, circulars and explanations we normally give an average figure for the setting up of a water system. One must remember that we do not know how deep we will have to drill, how many metres of casing will have to be used (this depends on the type of soil in the area) and what type of rock will have to drilled through to get sufficient water to warrant setting up the system. The figure of R35 000, 00 to R45 000, 00 given in our explanation is for an average depth of 50-60 metres. On the average the price we give is accurate in approximately 70% -80% of boreholes drilled. The price can escalate or plummet according to:
1. The depth that will have to be drilled.
2. The type of stone found in the area – the harder the stone the more difficult the drilling process.
3. The type of sand in the area – the number of casings used depends on this aspect.
4. The length of electrical cord used to get electricity to the pump.
5. The distance and the type of topography (terrain) the rig will have to travel through to get to the drilling area.
6. The time it will take to complete the drilling.
We try our best to be as accurate as possible but sometimes this is not possible. All the necessary precautions are taken. We therefore:
1. Visit the site before drilling to make sure that the community or the Islamic Centre needs it.
2. Use the necessary instruments to determine whether there is a probability of water. All the instrument does is indicate where there is a cavity – and where there is a cavity, there in all probability will be water. How much water? Impossible to know before drilling and can alter with the passage of time. ALLAH knows best. WATER CANNOT BE GUARANTEED AND IF FOUND, CONTINUOUS FLOW CANNOT ALSO BE ASSURED.
3. The local people and the local governing body are approached if their assistance is needed. Their permission is normally sought for the drilling of boreholes.
Although all these precautions are taken we cannot under any circumstances:
1. Guarantee that we will find water.
2. Give the assurance that water will be found at a certain depth or that water will be found at all.
3. Pledge that the water found will be palatable.
4. Assure the donor or the community that a certain volume will be gushing out all the time.
5. The borehole will not be dry.
What the donor must remember is that the amount sponsored may be used up when we may have to drill deeper, or using more casing, or drilling through hard rock (which normally take it’s toll on the drill bit) or the entire borehole collapsing after drilling. He must also appreciate the fact that the sponsored amount can be used up without finding water at all (the hole may be dry) or may yield so little water that it is not feasible to put in an electrical submersible pump or a hand pump. The hole will thus have to be abandoned. Further sponsorship may be needed if another borehole has to be drilled in the same area.
We must also realise that once the water system is completed, it is handed over to the principal of the school or the Imam at the Islamic Centre or the municipality or the local government. It becomes their responsibility to make sure that the system functions properly, that it is serviced regularly and that it is protected at all times. But sometimes this does not happen. We do, however, visit these sites for inspection and sometimes find some gadget broken, some items stolen or the equipment vandalised or destroyed. We try to accommodate them by replacing this stolen mechanism or having the damaged equipment repaired from our own funds as we realise that:
1. The people are too poor to replace the equipment.
2. That the donor is not getting the satisfaction and the reward for providing water to the needy.
And we would like to see that our patrons get the reward they deserve.
CAN ZAKAAT BE USED?
Zakaat cannot be used for the drilling of boreholes, as we cannot guarantee that Muslims that are not Zakaatable will not be drinking water from that borehole.
IN WHICH AREAS OF SOUTH AFRICA HAVE WE PROVIDED WATER AND HOW MANY BOREHOLES IN EACH AREA?
We are providing water to schools and communities in rural areas where water is not available and where the inhabitants of the community have to walk long distances to get water from rivers either polluted or where animals drink from. Some of the water is either contaminated with cholera of bilharzias. The schools will provide:
i. Security ii. Control iii. Carry out repairs
iv. Provide water to community. v. Water for the pupils.
We prefer, however, to drill (if possible and when required) at Islamic Centers in the area. In this way we provide water for the community, the Islamic Centre and the borehole can be used for Dawah and Wudhu purposes.
We have so far completed boreholes in the following areas.
Rustenburg 16 boreholes drilled
Venda 20 boreholes drilled
Mafikeng 09 boreholes drilled
Mpumalanga 148 boreholes drilled
Other areas 26 boreholes drilled
IN WHICH OTHER COUNTRIES HAVE WE PROVIDED WATER AND HOW MANY BOREHOLES IN EACH COUNTRY?
i. Bangladesh: Moulana Shahidul Islam
Al Markazul Islami.
89 boreholes drilled to date.
ii. India Qari Abdul Hamid
Jamia Islamia – Panoli
112 boreholes drilled
iii. Pakistan / Afghanistan / Kashmir
Pakistan Relief Foundation
Pakistan 1 borehole drilled
Afghanistan 49 boreholes drilled
Kashmir 5 boreholes drilled
iv. Kenya 25 boreholes drilled
v. Malawi 24 boreholes drilled
HOW MANY BOREHOLES HAVE YOU DRILLED?
a. In South Africa 219
b. Overseas 395
c. Total 481
Statistics correct as at 31 July 2009
WHAT INFLUENCES THE COSTS OF DRILLING?
The costs involved in the drilling of boreholes depend on the:
a. Depth drilled b. Amount of fuel needed c. Diesel price.
d. Casing used e. Type of pump f. Size of tank
g. Distance from electrical point to the tank h. Reaming
i. Price of steel. j. Height of the stand k. Type of soil
l. Distance the rig has to travel to get to the area
m. Hydrologist fees n. Mobilization and demobilization of rig.
The price given below is just an estimated amount based on the average costs we are paying at the moment.
HOW MUCH DOES ONE BOREHOLE COST?
IN SOUTH AFRICA
Where electricity is available
A TYPICAL WATER SYSTEM AT AN ISLAMIC CENTRE
AN ISLAMIC CENTRE WITH A TYPICAL TANK A BOARD STATING THE
A DOUBLE TANK ON A STAND SPONSORSHIP.
Where electricity is not available:
The cost of everything remains the same with the exception of the costing of the submersible pump and stand with tank. A hand pump will be used instead. The difference in pricing is stated in the table given below
|DESCRIPTION||PRICE||PRICE @ +/-100 METRES||PRICE @ +/-
|Total as above without the pump||R31 200, 00||R23 600, 00|
|Hand pump – heavy duty||R9 000, 00||R9 000, 00||R9 000, 00|
|TOTAL||R40 200, 00||R32 000, 00|
The prices given below are just an estimated amount based on the average costs we are paying at the moment. The cost includes drilling, casing, pump (electric/Hand) and all other necessary attachments. Drilling is done in
Bangladesh and India R10 500, 00
Kashmir PRICE ON REQUEST
Afghanistan PRICE ON REQUEST
Malawi R10 500, 00
DRILLING IN OTHER COUNTRIES IN AFRICA
We are currently digging wells in Malawi. The well is dug after the rainy season as the level of water during the season is high. The well is then bricked on the side so that the well does not collapse.
There are two systems of use:
1. The bucket system: In this system the bucket is lowered into the well with a rope, filled with water and then pulled up. The cost of this project is approximately R6000, 00
2. The pump system: same as above but the top of the well is covered with a concrete layer. A pump is installed and the inhabitants then pump the water out of the well. The cost is approximately R10 500,00.
The average depth of the well is between 15 to 30 metres.
We have not drilled boreholes or dug wells in any other country in Africa beside Malawi and Kenya.
WHAT AMOUNT CAN I CONTIBUTE?
You can contribute any amount you want to. If you contribute the full amount, the entire system will be accredited to you. If you contribute part of the amount, other donors will cover the shortfall. The system will be accredited to all those who contributed towards it. Any amount can thus be donated towards providing water for these most unfortunate people.
Please note that ZAKAAT cannot be used for this purpose. You can use SADQA, LILLAH, ESALE SAWAB, SADAQA JARIYYA etc for this purpose.
HOW DO MAKE MY CONTRIBUTION?
O Bring the contribution to our office in Lenasia.
O Give it to any of our representatives in your area.
O Post it to us (not a very good idea)
O Deposit it into our account: First National bank
Lenasia (code 25-07-37)
Crescent of Hope – Lillah Account
Ref : Water + (Name of Country)
WHAT INFORMATION DO YOU NEED FROM THE DONOR?
We need the following:
O A copy of the deposit slip (fax, post, e-mail or drop of at office).
O Your full name and address (so that we can post the information to you when the system is completed).
O Your telephone number (if we need to contact you).
O Your cell phone number (if you need to be contacted)
O Your fax number (if we need to fax information to you – if needed).
O Your e-mail address (if you prefer this means of communication).
EXPLAIN THE ENTIRE PROCESS FROM START TO END
O We must first identify the community that needs water.
O The number of water points needed for the area is then determined.
O Find out from the provincial government whether they will be supplying water to the area in the near future.
O Ascertain whether the schools in the area that will be willing to have a borehole drilled on their premises and if they will allow the community to get water from the system.
O Obtain authorization from the provincial authorities to drill on these premises.
O The diviner must now identify whether there is underground water on the site we have identified and the spot where sufficient water is available.
O The driller must now give us an estimated quote. This quote includes everything as stated in question 4.
O The water will be tested for purity if considered necessary.
O The sponsor/s will then be informed after the entire system has been installed and the water is now available for consumption.
O A photo, the physical address and a contact persons details will be forwarded to the donor.
***Please be patient, as some time is needed to complete the above.
WILL I GET A REPORT ON THE BOREHOLE OR WELL I HAVE SPONSORED?
Yes. You will get a report as soon as the water system has been completed. This report will contain the statistics regarding the borehole, the cost of the entire system, the location, the donor’s contribution, whether other donors were needed to cover the cost and a road map to the borehole (if needed).
CAN I INSPECT THE BOREHOLE OR WELL I SPONSORED?
Anytime you want to. You need not contact us to inspect your borehole. You will have all the information you need in your report. If the information cannot be provided due to logistical problems that the sponsor may encounter, we will provide him / her with the contact details of the person who will take him / her to the borehole. All they will have to do is contact the person named, set up an appointment with him and take the letter detailing the borehole with you.
We hope that this document has answered all your questions. Do not hesitate to contact us if there are any other queries that you have. We will gladly answer any question you may have concerning our water project.
Please note that we cannot inform you of anything if you do not supply us with your contact details.
When making a direct deposit into our account, please state the purpose of the donation in the reference column.
This document will be updated on our website – www.crescentofhope.co.za – regularly.
This piece is taken from the website of Crescent of Hope South Africa.
See on-line at: http://www.crescentofhope.co.za/water.htm