Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at Nigeria: The Point of Difference

The chief points of difference between the Ahmadiyya Movement and the orthodox Muslims sects are as follows:
The Ahmadiyya Movement holds that Islam is a living religion, by which it means that, in Islam, the door to Divine revelation is always open and that a true Muslims begins to lead a heavenly life in this very world.  The orthodox Muslim belief is that Divine revelation has for ever been discontinued, such being also the belief of all other religions.  The argument given for the Ahmadiyya doctrine is threefold.
  1. Various verses of the Holy Quran are quoted, e.g., in the Fatiha which is the most important prayer taught to Muslims, they are commanded by Almighty God to pray: “O Lord, show us the right path, the path of those upon whom Thou hast bestowed thy blessings”.  This prayer would not have been taught if Almighty God had meant to bestow these blessings, the highest of which all is Divine revelation.  Traditions are also cited, for instance, there is a tradition which says: “Verily God will raise for the Muslims, at the commencement of every century, a man who shall reanimate their faith.
  2. Reason also requires that if Divine revelation was granted in the past it should also be granted now or in the future.  All the religions teach that Almighty God sees the doings of His creatures and that He listens to their prayers.  They also hold that He spoke at sometime, for instance, according to the Hindus, in the beginning of this cycle, according to the Jews, to the prophets of Israel, according to the Christians, till the time of the apostles of Jesus, according to the Muslims, till the time of the Holy Prophet.  If, therefore, He still continues to see and hear, as all these religions maintain, it is quite unreasonable to assert that He has ceased to speak.  The fact is that as He spoke to His chosen ones before, He speaks even now but only to His chosen ones, and His word is distinguished from ordinary words by the wonderful prophecies which it announces and the deep secrets of the future which it reveals.
  3. The presence in Islam of a recipient of divine revelation, such as the founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement is, shows conclusively that Islam is a living religion.  In fact, if a religion has not in it the vital power of making a man attain such close union with God that he may be spoken to by Him, it is not a religion which is needed for humanity, for humanity needs a religion which should uplift and elevate it.  If such a religion claims that it is a living religion, it makes an assertion for which it has no argument.  The Ahmadiyya Movement is from this point of view the sole representative of a living religion, for its founder proves the truth of his being a recipient of Divine revelation by the mighty prophecies which are disclosed in the word he received, and by other conclusive proofs.
The Ahmadiyya Movement denies the principle that religion may be propagated by means of the sword, as against the orthodox belief that expects a Mahdi and a Messiah who will slay all non-Muslims who refuse to accept Islam.  This movement denies the advent of any such Mahdi or Messiah and Holds all traditions speaking of such advent to be untrustworthy, while it takes Ahmad of Qadian to be the true Mahdi and Messiah who has come to establish the supremacy of Islam by heavenly signs and arguments.  Its bases its belief on the Holy Quran, which not only plainly says that there is no compulsion in faith but rejects the bloody Mahdi and Messiah, by promising a last successor to the Holy Prophet who would walk in the footsteps of the last successor of Moses, in his method of preaching.  It also relies on the Sahih Bukharee which says that the Promised Messiah shall put an end to religious wars, and thus correct the error in which the Muslims shall have been involved.
This movement holds that the Holy Prophet is the seal of prophets, and no other prophet can appear after him, except one who is spiritually his disciple and who receives the gift of prophecy through him.  It is only a true Muslim who walks in the footsteps of the Holy Prophet that can become a prophet.  It is in this sense that this, the orthodox Muslims hold that though the Holy Prophet is the seal of prophets, yet the prophet Jesus who lived six hundreds years before him must come a second time after him, thus, breaking the finality of his prophethood, the prophethood of Jesus being independent of the prophethood of the Holy Prophet Muhammad.  The Ahmadiyya Movement further holds that since the Muslims are called “the best of all people” in the Holy Qur’an, therefore an Israelite prophet, Jesus, son of Mary, could not be sent as a prophet to them.  In support of the same view is quoted the verse which shows that the successors to the Holy Prophet shall be raised from among the Muslims (XXIV, 56).
The movement lays a great stress on the death of Jesus, not only because it is the basis of the claim of its founders to promise Messiahship, but because it is the most destructive weapon which strikes at the very root of Christianity and pulls down its building from the very foundations.  As against this, the orthodox Muslims believe that Jesus with this body of clay was taken up alive into heavens.  The error of this belief has been shown elsewhere.
The Ahmadiyya movement denies that denies attributes are possessed by others.  For instance, Almighty God creates life, but no human being can do it.  Hence, it denies that Jesus could make birds and breathe life into them, which is one of the miracles attributed to Jesus by the orthodox Muhammadans.  The verse of the Holy Quran from which this conclusion is drawn, is interpreted by the Ahmadiyya school in a different manner.  Similarly, the orthodox Muslims hold that the dajjal (Anti-Christ) would come with the powers of the Divine Being, that is, he would be able to give life to the dead, to send down or withhold rain, etc, but the Ahmadiyya movement rejects the idea as false and interprets the Anti-Christ doctrine differently.  It identifies Anti-Christian teachings with such teachings of the Christian churches, as the atonement, and the divinity of Jesus-Christ, and thus considers the prophecy of the advent of the Dajjal to have been fulfilled by the spread of the missionaries in all lands.  For a clear exposition of the doctrine, see the Review of Religion, for November 1905.
In the relative value which is generally attached by the Muslims to the Quran and the Traditions of the Holy Prophet, the Ahmadiyya Movment again differs from the orthodox.  The latter generally attach more value to the Traditions than to the Holy Quran, and make its verses subject to what is said in the Traditions.  But the Ahmadiyya movement makes the Quran a judge of the Traditions and rejects every Tradition as fabricated and false, which may be opposed to the Holy Quran.  This, according to the movement, is in fact the best criterion for judging true traditions from the false ones.

This piece is taken from the website of Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at Nigeria.

See on-line at: http://www.ahmadiyyang.org/points-of-difference.php


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